Thanjavur rose to glory during the later Chola reign between the 10th and the 14th Centuries and became a centre of learning and culture. It is the headquarters of the disrict of the same name. Thanjavur district, the ' Rice Bowl ' of Tamil Nadu, is also known for its exquisite handicrafts, bronzes and South Indian Musical Instruments.
The Tamil University, set up recently is situated here and is devoted to the growth of Tamil literature and language. And Poompuhar Handicrafts is the famous shoppping place here.
As per local legend, the word Thanjavur is believed to be derived from "Tanjan", an asura (giant) in Hindu mythology. He was killed at this place by the Hindu god Neelamegha Perumal, a form of Vishnu.
There are no references to Thanjavur in any of the Sangam period (third century BC to fourth century AD) Tamil records, though some scholars believe the existence of the city since then. Kovil Venni, situated at a distance of 15 miles (24 km) to the east of the city, was the site of the Battle of Venni between the Chola king Karikala and a confederacy of the Cheras and the Pandyas. The Cholas seemed to have faced an invasion of the Kalabhras in the third century AD after which the kingdom faded into obscurity. The region around the present day Thanjavur was conquered by the Mutharayars during sixth century, who ruled it up to 849.
The Cholas came to prominence once more through the rise of the Medieval Chola monarch Vijayalaya (841–878) in about 850. Vijayalaya conquered Thanjavur from the Mutharayar king Elango Mutharayar and built a temple dedicated to Hindu goddess Nisumbhasudani. His son Aditya I (871–901) consolidated the hold over the city. The Rashtrakuta king Krishna II (878–914), a contemporary of the Chola king Parantaka I (907–950), claims to have conquered Thanjavur, but there are no records to support the claim. Gradually, Thanjavur became the most important city in the Chola Empire and remained its capital till the emergence of Gangaikonda Cholapuram in about 1025.During the first decade of the eleventh century, the Chola king Raja Raja Chola I (985–1014) constructed the Brihadeeswarar Temple at Thanjavur. The temple is considered to be one of the best specimens of South Indian temple architecture.
- Sri Brihadeeswara.
- Sri Brihadeeswara.
- Hall of Music.
- Schwartz Church.
- Le jardin public.
- Located in around to Thanjavr- 70 kms
Thanjavur perriya koilLocation : Located in Tamilnadu,near to Kumbakonam(30 kms)
Area : 3,397 sq. kms.
Population : Approx. 22 Lakh.
Tourist Spot »
From Thanjavur City(Bus Stand) - All the below are located between 5 to 70 kmsHow to reach Thanjavr ?
: Roadway :
Thanjavur is connected with all major cities.
: Railway :
Thanjavur is connected by rail with Trichy, Madurai, Nagore and Chennai directly.
: Airway :
iThe nearest Airport Tiruchirapalli is 58 kms. and is connected by Indian Airlines and Air Lanka with Srilanka. Indian Airlines also be connects Trichy with Madurai and Chennai directly.
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